Decreasing barriers to women in the workplace can shift the balance of power and help us to move forward on a host
of sustainability issues.
Women’s Day was celebrated on March 8, so this is an
opportune time to review the importance of women to the health of the planet.
While women represent roughly half of the population, they have yet to assume
their rightful role at the highest levels of decision making.
We have good reason to believe that as the power of women grows, they will be
a civilizing force in business. There are a number of female environmentalists who
have played pivotal roles over the years. There are also a number of studies
which show that women are better for
the environment than their male counterparts.
Women’s organizations are
actively involved in efforts to combat environmental degradation and climate
change in particular. One such organization is WECAN. According to a recent WECAN publication, women are
disproportionately impacted by climate change.
“Women make up 20 of the 26 million estimated refugees displaced by climate
change, comprising 80 percent of the world’s climate refugees.” The implication
here is that those most impacted by a warming world may be better change agents
than their male counterparts.
Women are not only adversely impacted by the problems associated with climate
change, they are also an integral part of the solution. As WECAN states:
“[W]omen are key to sustainability solutions. It is women who are responsible
for food production and the collection of water and fuel wood, which makes them
particularly aware of changing weather patterns that alter growing seasons,
decreasing crop yields and decreasing water levels. This knowledge is essential
to adaption and mitigation strategies. Women in North America determine 80
percent of all consumer purchases. That market power could be mobilized to
significantly reduce carbon emissions through purchasing choices, including
demanding an end to fossil fuels and a radical increase in renewable
On February 14, 2014, WECAN held a day of action for women and climate
justice highlighting women’s leadership in climate solutions. Here are some of
the actions taken for this event:
- Women farmers will highlight the importance of local organic farms to food
sovereignty and food security
- Actions demonstrating how women are being affected by the tar sands and
- Highlighting women-led solar projects in Africa
- Calling on communities to plant trees and flowers that absorb large amounts
- Women protecting the rainforests of Congo and the Amazon
- Holding a “carbon fast” with youth in the U.S.
They also staged the International Women’s Earth and Climate Summit in
September of 2013 in New York. Through WECAN’s Online Solutions Forum, where more
than 25 countries provided advocacy and on-the-ground solutions for climate
change and environmental crises.
Women and the Green Economy (WAGE) is another important organization. WAGE
was launched at the UNFCCC 16th Conference of the Parties in Cancun, Mexico in
December, 2010. WAGE helps women to aggregate their power and promote leadership
in the creation of a sustainable green economy.
Women are getting involved with the nuts and bolts of renewable energy
construction. Thanks to support from groups like Women of Wind Energy (WoWE), Meredith MacDonald is but one example of a
woman who pursued her dream to work on the construction of wind turbines.
There are also many great examples of women who have played important roles
in driving sustainability forward. One such woman is Marlys Appleton, CEO of the
metals recycling company Avtaar America and an early champion of sustainability
Sadly, women like MacDonald and Appleton are far too rare. Part of the blame
must fall on a culture that impedes the progress of women in the workplace.
Women in the workforce
As reported by Triple Pundit, women account
for over 50 percent of college graduates and they have $8 trillion of annual
buying power, however, they still account for less than 15 percent of S&P
500 boards of directors. Almost one third (30 percent) of midsize companies have
no women on their board of directors. In most companies, women are a minority
and they certainly are a minority in leadership positions.
As reviewed in a recent study in The Shriver Report titled, “A Woman’s Nation Pushes Back from
the Brink,” there are still a number of challenges faced by women face in
the US workforce.
Although there are now some high profile women who have attained the position
of CEO, working women still have to deal with a significant wage and career
gap. This makes it far harder for women to achieve positions of power from
which they could auger change.
In addition to being under-represented in positions of power, women are
over-represented in the ranks of low wage earners. Women still take home between
9 and 30 percent less than men for similar jobs. Women also have less
opportunities for career growth. While companies may hire women, they are less
frequently promoted to leadership positions. The irony here is that promoting
women into leadership positions has been shown to be in the best interest of
employers and shareholders. The research shows that when women lead, businesses
On almost every measurable indice, companies with the highest percentages of
women board directors significantly outperformed those with the least. Despite
these findings, as of 2013, women held only 16.9 percent of corporate board
seats, only 14.6 percent of Executive Officer positions, and only 8.1 percent of
top earner slots.
Women and sustainable business
Women are especially good for advancing sustainability. This is the finding
in research conducted by Kellie McElhaney, the Whitehead Faculty Fellow in
Corporate Sustainability for the Haas School of Business at University of
California, Berkeley and Sanaz Mobasserir, and a PhD candidate at the Haas
She investigated the corporate performance of more than 1,500 companies
across three main categories of environmental, social and governance. Key
findings were that companies with more women on their board of directors are
more likely to:
- Invest in renewable power generation and to proactively take steps to
improve operational energy efficiency.
- Have integrated climate change into their actuarial models and developed
products that help customers manage climate change risk.
- Measure and reduce carbon emissions of their products.
- Have supplier programs to reduce their supply chain carbon footprint.
- Reduced the environmental impacts of their packaging.
- Address environmental risks in their financial decisions.
- Not disturb large and/or fragile areas of biodiversity.
The emerging evidence is that women on a company’s board of directors are
helping their companies better serve their equity owners’ interests through
enhanced environmental, social and governance risk-positioning.
As explained by WECAN:
“Women are rising with fierce resolve, because what’s happening at the
national and international policy level on climate change is not equivalent to
the urgency we are facing. We are demanding no more delays and calling for
strategic action that addresses root causes and systemic
Women are important to the future of our planet. Advancing the role of women
could very well prove to be the crucial element that helps us to build a
critical mass of ecologically aware people. Any serious environmental advocate
needs to appreciate the value of also advocating for women’s rights.
Source: Global Warming is Real
Celebrating Female Environmentalists on Women’s Day
Visionary Women: The Profiles of 2 Important Environmentalists
Women are More Environmentally Friendly
Video – Women and Climate Change
Vandana Shiva & Jane Goodall on Video – Serving the Earth & How Women Can Address Climate Crisis (1 of 2)
Vandana Shiva & Jane Goodall on Video – Serving the Earth & How Women Can Address Climate Crisis (2 of 2)
Video – Women Underrepresented on Boards of Directors
Canadian Sheila Watt-Cloutier the World’s Leading Voice on Arctic Climate Impacts and Human Rights
WECAN: Female Advocates of Climate Justice
Green Economy Guide for Women
WAGE: Women and the Green Economy
Renewable Energy Education for Women
Women at Work on Earth Day
Rio+20 Corporate Sustainability Forum Supports Women